Dato Dr Zulkarnain Hanafi was appointed as the Minister of Health of Brunei Darussalam on 22 October 2015. Zul was recently awarded the Most Blessed Order of Setia Negara Brunei, First Class (PSNB), which carries the title Dato Seri Setia by His Majesty, The Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei Darussalam. He was the President and Vice-Chancellor of Universiti Brunei Darussalam (2008–2015). In August 2012, Zul was appointed as a Permanent Secretary (Higher Education), Ministry of Education, concurrent with his presidency at Universiti Brunei Darussalam. He is an Otorhinolaryngologist, Head and Neck surgeon. Zul was conferred the Honorary Fellowship from the Royal College of General Practitioners of the United Kingdom in 2007 for his contribution towards improving care in general practice and influencing the work of general practitioners in Brunei Darussalam. In July 2011, Zul was awarded the Most Honourable Order of the Crown of Brunei, Second Class (DPMB), which carries the title Dato Paduka by His Majesty, The Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei Darussalam. Zul received his degree from Liverpool University, United Kingdom and his fellowship from the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh, United Kingdom. He attended the Leaders in Development programme at the Harvard Kennedy School. Zul lives in Brunei Darussalam with his wife Sarimah and together they have five children.